How to get started in Encaustic painting on a budget

encaustic supplies on a budget

Encaustic art supplies in my studio

Encaustic painting is all the rage right now but the cost of supplies can be daunting for beginners. I added encaustic paint to my mixed media inventory two years ago and  saved on essential art supplies by getting creative with my choices. Now that I’m completely addicted to the medium, I feel comfortable investing in supplies.

Here’s the “insider” take on how you can get started in encaustics without breaking the bank.

ENCAUSTIC ESSENTIALS

You will need a few items that are essential for starting encaustic painting.

HOT PALETTE Electric pancake griddles are easily affordable. Look for one with an adjustable thermostat. Thrift shops and yard sales are good places to look for a griddle or even a small crockpot to melt encaustic medium. Amazon has one for $22 (with Prime membership). 

GRILL THEMOMETER  Encaustic wax must be kept below 200 degrees when melted to prevent harmful fumes from being released.  I use this grill themometer I found on Amazon to do the trick – $10.

WAX MEDIUM I buy medium by the bag on Amazon  for $23 already mixed, but I also have made it myself by mixing beeswax with Damar resin in a baking pan on top of the griddle.  It’s time consuming, but you can make a big batch and pour it into muffin tins to last much longer. Susan Crouse makes a nice video  where she shares her recipe and technique.

HEAT GUN OR HANDHELD TORCH You can use either. I prefer the torch to fuse large areas and the hot gun for moving medium over the surface. I bought both from Home Depot for around $20 each.

NATURAL HAIR BRUSHES Hog bristle brushes work best and are found at a good price on Amazon. Buy a 3-5″ brush for clear medium and a few for other colors. Buying a set can help cut down the cost. $23

SUBSTRATE If you are a beginner, go cheap.  You need to find a ridge surface that is absorbent. Matte board works well especially if you are using inks as your base painting. I chose encausticbord as my first substrate. Most of the time, I use cradled wood panel found at Dick Blick. I advise the thicker the panel (1 1/2″ or higher) gives a more professional appearance. An 8″ x 10″ x 1.5″ panel goes for around $7.

VENTILATION is essential!! I have a two-way window fan right next to the griddle to pull out any harmful fumes. I also have another fan blowing air towards the window for extra safety. This may be your greatest expense, but well worth being extra cautious. You can read up on encaustic safety precautions on RF Paints website.

DON’T FORGET 

PAPER TOWELS for clean up.

MINI LOAF TINS to hold the wax

SOY WAX to clean brushes and the griddle. Encaustikos makes a brush cleaner, but inexpensive soy wax works well. If you have a brush for every color, you won’t need to clean brushes for reuse. Just let the wax harden on the brush and reheat the next time you want to use that color.

Well, there you go. A complete encaustic set up for less than $150.

ENCAUSTIC EXTRAS

ENCAUSTIC PAINTS.  You would think that buying pigmented encaustic medium would be under the essential list, but no. There’s so many wonderful techniques to color this versatile medium you can hold off on this expense until you’re more familiar with the medium.

Search Pinterest and YouTube for tutorials using oil paint, pan pastels, ink, and watercolor for adding color to your painting. If you do want to experiment with pigmented encaustic paints, buy a beginner’s set online or make your own with powdered pigment.

A variety of sculptors’ tools such as scrapers, pottery loops, or picks are also nice to have on hand if you would like to try scraping or incising effects. These tools are easy to find at your local art supply store or you may even have them in your studio already.

Please comment if you know of any other encaustic supply hacks to add to the list.

www.annestinepainting.com

 

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